The Rottweiler is basically a calm, confident and courageous dog with a self-assured aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships. A Rottweiler is self-confident and responds quietly and with a wait-and-see attitude to influences in his environment. He has an inherent desire to protect home and family, and is an intelligent dog of extreme hardness and adaptability with a strong willingness to work, making him especially suited as a companion, guardian and general all-purpose dog.
The ideal Rottweiler is a medium large, robust and powerful dog, black with clearly defined rust markings. His compact and substantial build denotes great strength, agility and endurance. Dogs are characteristically more massive throughout with larger frame and heavier bone than bitches. Bitches are distinctly feminine, but without weakness of substance or structure.
The Rottweiler is an ancient breed of dog, with descendents coming from the now extinct Roman War Dog. They were bred in the small market town of Rottweil, Germany. The Rottweiler came close to extinction in the late 1800s, and only one female Rottie lived in the village of Rottweil, but saw a revival shortly before World War I, due to the need for police dogs.